Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Park Royal Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Park Royal Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Depression Symptoms, Causes, Signs & Side Effects

Everyone has had periods in their life where they feel sad and unhappy. For most individuals, these feelings are temporary and generally go away rather quickly. However, for a certain population of individuals, these feelings can last for days or even weeks, creating a large impact on daily life.

Understanding Depression

Learn More About Depression

Due to the lack of motivation associated with depression individuals are often unable to complete the simplest tasks. The negative consequences that result will only make the depression worse.

During periods of depression individuals may experience agitation, restlessness, and have an overall sense of hopelessness. Some individuals may feel so down that they stay in bed and sleep all the time because the thought of crawling out from under the covers seems impossible. This overwhelming sense of hopelessness leaves individuals feeling lost and alone, thinking that nothing will ever get better. Additionally, those suffering from depression may slowly begin to become isolated as they stop reaching out to family and friends. Activities that were once enjoyed are no longer given any thought. Depression leaves an individual in a lifeless world, however, we can help.

Statistics

Statistics of Depression

For adults in the U.S. the 12 month prevalence rate for this disorder is estimated at 7%. Of these cases 30.4% (2% of the adult population) are suffering from severe depression. These rates may not be completely accurate however, since women are far more likely to report symptoms of depression compared to men.

Age differences have also been observed in depression. Those 60 years and older have the lowest rate of depression, while 18-29 year olds are at a 70% greater risk to develop depression. 30-34 year olds are at 12% greater risk, while 45-59 year olds are at 10% greater risk for developing depression.

Co-Occurring Disorders

Learn About Co-Occurring Disorders

Often individuals with depression also have additional co-occurring disorder. The most frequently co-occurring conditions include:

  • Panic disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Social anxiety
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Substance abuse disorders
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa

Causes

Causes of Depression

While there are some causes associated with depression, it’s recognized that there is no individual cause that explains all cases of depression. It’s more likely that multiple factors interact to causes depression.

Genetic: Depression tends to run in families. Depression is more common in individuals whose biological family members who have also had this disorder. This suggests that there may be a single gene that is responsible for the development of depression.

Brain Chemicals: Individuals who are experiencing depression have been shown to have chemical differences in the brain. Neurotransmitters are linked to mood and therefore are thought to play a role in the development of depression. Insufficient levels of neurotransmitters can affect mood and cause depression. Changes in the body’s hormone levels may also be involved in causing or triggering depression. Hormone changes can be the result of thyroid problems, menopause, or other conditions.

Brain Structure: Brain imaging studies have shown that certain structures in the brain appear different than structures in individuals without depression. Specifically, certain areas of the brain that are associated with sleeping, thinking, mood states, appetite, and behavioral inhibition do not seem the same way as they do in those without depression.

Environmental: Certain life events that are highly stressful such as the death of a loved one or financial problems can trigger depression in some individuals. When individuals experience numerous stressors, they may come to believe they have no control over negative events in their lives. Additionally, traumatic experiences in early childhood may cause permanent changes in the brain that make them more susceptible to depression in later life.

Signs and Symptoms

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

There are a number of different symptoms that may be present in those with depression. The widespread variety of these symptoms helps explain why the effects of the illness can be so devastating.

Mood symptoms:

  • Depressed mood almost all the time for at least two weeks
  • Irritable
  • Anger
  • Inability to experience pleasure in almost all activities in an individual’s life
  • Feeling insignificant
  • Feeling useless
  • Feelings of emptiness
  • Pessimistic about the future
  • Helplessness regarding the ability to alter a negative future
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Socially withdrawn
  • Disengaged
  • Estrangement close friends and family
  • Difficulty experiencing empathy
  • Increased time sleeping
  • Loss of motivation
  • Loss of energy
  • Reckless behavior
  • Angry outbursts
  • Crying spells

Physical symptoms:

  • Increase or decrease in weight
  • Motoric agitation or retardation
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Cramps
  • Gastrointestinal problems
  • Lack of interest in sex or sexual dysfunction
  • Decreased speech production or answering question with monosyllables

Psychological symptoms:

  • Difficulty remembering details
  • other memory problems
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Trouble with decision making
  • Dependent on others
  • Excessive or inappropriate self-blame
  • Self-loathing

Effects

Effects of Depression

Given the variety of symptoms, the effects of depression on an individual’s life can vary widely. Some of the more frequent effects include:

  • Substance abuse
  • Work or school problems
  • Family conflicts
  • Relationship problems
  • Self-mutilation
  • Lack of an adequate social support network
  • Depressed Immune system leading to physical disorders and conditions
  • Poor hygiene
  • Suicidal thoughts or actions
  • Increased need for health care

My clinical depression was getting worse. I reached out to Park Royal for help and their admissions team took me in right away. Their treatment was amazing and now I have hope again.

– Anonymous Patient