Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Park Royal Hospital to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Park Royal Hospital.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Substance Abuse & Addiction Symptoms, Causes, Signs & Side Effects

Every day thousands of families are affected by substance abuse. Although most of us have likely seen the effects of this illness on a friend or family member, those who haven’t suffered from the disorder often don’t understand just how difficult or devastating it is for the individual themselves.

Understanding Substance Abuse

Learn More About Substance Abuse

Substance abuse is the chronic and excessive consumption of substances like drugs and/or alcohol that can severely impair one’s ability to function. Individuals who find that they are trapped in a cycle of drug or alcohol abuse can begin noticing challenges in their everyday lives, leading to significant distress for not only themselves, but for those around them.

When substance abuse is present, an individual is likely to struggle with attempting to stop use on his or her own, develop tolerance to the substance, experience consequences at work or at home, and possess an uncontrollable need to keep using it, even if he or she wants to stop.

Statistics

Statistics of Drug Abuse

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 80% to 90% of adults above the age of 18 have abused one or more substances at some point in their lives. The most commonly abused of these substances include alcohol, marijuana, and prescription drugs. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) states that more than 20 million people are struggling with substance use disorder, but that less than 15% of that number receive treatment.

Causes

Causes and Risk Factors for Drug Abuse

The causes and risk factors for developing substance use disorder can be explained through the following:

Genetic: Substance abuse and addiction can be genetically linked, as research has reported that almost 60% of one’s chances for grappling with substance use disorder can be traced back to his or her genetics. Specifically, those who possess family members such as parents or siblings who abuse substances are more likely to abuse substances themselves.

Environmental: Factors including a poor socioeconomic background, being exposed to violence and crime, and associating with others who abuse substances can increase one’s risk of experimenting and eventually becoming addicted to substances of abuse. Also, neglect, trauma, and mental illness can also lead to the development of substance use disorder.

Risk Factors:

  • Suffering from physical, emotional, or sexual abuse and/or neglect
  • Family history of addiction
  • Personal or family history of mental illness
  • Possessing an impulsive personality
  • Possessing a novelty-seeking temperament
  • Experiencing a trauma
  • Poverty
  • Witnessing violence

Signs

Signs and Symptoms of Substance Abuse

The signs and symptoms that someone is abusing one or more substances will be based on the kind of substance that is being abused, however there are some overarching symptoms that can be seen throughout all forms of substance abuse, including the following:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Using substances even when it is hazardous to do so (such as while operating a vehicle)
  • Decline in occupational performance
  • Using substances more excessively or over a longer period of time than was originally intended
  • Withdrawing from family and friends
  • Inability to stop using one’s substance of choice, despite having the desire to do so
  • No longer engaging in activities or hobbies that were once enjoyed
  • Possessing drug paraphernalia
  • Frequent absenteeism from one’s place of employment
  • Failing to adhere to responsibilities at home or within relationships

Physical symptoms:

  • Changes in sleeping patterns (hypersomnia or insomnia)
  • Decline in hygiene
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Slurred speech
  • Frequent headaches
  • Periods of excessive hyperactivity or excessive lethargy
  • Tremors
  • Presence of abscesses, scars, or track marks if a substance is being consumed intravenously
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Excessive sweating

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Psychosis
  • Memory loss
  • Hallucinations
  • Impaired judgment
  • Delayed thought processes
  • Poor concentration
  • Inability to reason
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Hindered decision-making capabilities
  • Delusions

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Irritability
  • Dramatic mood swings
  • Agitation
  • Changes in overall temperament
  • No longer demonstrating an interest in things that were once enjoyed
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Fortunately, there is treatment available for those who seek it, and it is possible to end one’s addiction to drugs and alcohol once and for all.

Effects

Effects of Drug Abuse

When someone develops a pattern of substance abuse, he or she is likely to suffer several negative outcomes within all areas of his or her life, including in his or her relationships, at work, or at home. Some of the most commonly experienced effects of substance abuse can include the following:

  • Coma
  • Elevated risk for certain cancers
  • Exposure to viruses like hepatitis or HIV/AIDS
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Damage to vital organs
  • Hindered lung functioning
  • Seizures
  • Suicidal thoughts and behaviors
  • Loss of friendships
  • Compromised immune system
  • Loss of memory
  • Malnutrition
  • Overdose and the complications that arise as the result of an overdose
  • Onset of self-harming behaviors
  • Financial strife
  • Onset of new, or worsening of current, mental illness symptoms
  • Irreversible cognitive impairment
  • Demise of marriages or partnerships
  • Loss of child custody
  • Job loss

Co-Occurring Disorders

Learn About Co-Occurring Disorders

Some common co-occurring disorders that can simultaneously occur with substance use disorder can include:

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depressive disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Effects of Withdrawal

Effects of Withdrawal for Drug Abuse

Effects of withdrawal: At the time of withdrawal, an individual can suffer many different symptoms, including the following:

  • Powerful cravings
  • Seizures
  • Paranoia
  • Depression
  • Elevated feelings of anxiety
  • Bone and muscle pain
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Effects of overdose: When an overdose is occurring, an individual will need immediate medical attention. Some of the typical symptoms of overdose include:

  • Changes in the color of one’s skin tone
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation
  • Chest pains
  • Seizures
  • Labored breathing
  • Severe confusion
  • Heart failure
  • Psychosis
  • Losing consciousness
  • Stroke

Upon entering Park Royal's rehab, I found myself given the tools I needed to finally overcome my addiction. After years of struggle, I can finally say I'm free. Thank you Park Royal Hospital!

– Anonymous Patient